FQW | Facts, Questions, Wonderings


FWQ Image.png

FQW, or the “Facts, Questions and Wondering” technique, is a method to capture students’ critical thinking when responding to a text.  This literacy strategy can be adapted to any classroom environment where students are engaging with a text to:

  • showcase critical thinking and initial thinking/responses in an equitable manner

  • capture data for assessment as/for learning proposes 

  • consolidate key concepts and prompt further discussion

I often use this activity during the first read through of a script.  I have facilitated the activity where students consider:

  • the facts, questions and wonderings that they have concerning the whole play 

  • the individual perspective of a specific character, developing the facts/questions/wonderings from the character’s point of view 

Sample Lesson Plan Incorporation of FQW:

  • introduce the concept of gathering observations during a read through of  a text to capture critical thinking

  • define fact (i.e. things we know from the text/Juliet is a Capulet),questions (i.e. specific things that arise from the text/What is the root of conflict in Romeo and Juliet’s feuding families?) and wonderings (i.e. any other observations that do not fit into the previous two categories/I wonder why the conflict has lasted so long…).

  • invite the students to use a method of collecting facts/questions/wonderings (e.g. in their journal, on a handout, using a class Padlet)

  • start the reading of the text, pausing for students to capture their observations using their given method 

  •  invite the students to share their fact/questions/wonderings in small group and large group settings using instructional strategies such as think-pair-share

  • compare and contrast similarities and discuss the observations from the text 

Things To Consider: 

  • try giving your students a minimum number of facts/questions/wondering so everyone can be successful in the activity (e.g. minimum of five observations from each category per class)

  • encourage safety in sharing observations through partner/small group discussion before launching into a full group discussion 

  • make sure to pause at appropriate moments to allow all students to articulate their thinking 

  • encourage alternative ways of documenting observations, including using images, drawing, and voice recording responses

Extensions of the FQW Technique: 

  • post the facts/questions/wonderings on a bulletin board and/or Padlet and have the students add onto their observations and/or answer their questions

  • develop two to three essential questions for inquiry based on the students’ initial responses 

  • co-construct success criteria for respectfully and professionally participating in all aspects of the activity 

Handouts and Resources:

FQW | Handout Only with Logo Three Chart.jpg
FQW | Handout Only with Logo 6 Cards.jpg